Insecticiden

Mayfly numbers drop by half since 2012

Mayflies, which form swarms in the billions that are visible on weather radar, are in steep decline, mirroring the plight of insects worldwide. Every summer, mayflies burst forth from lakes and rivers, taking to the skies of North America. These insects, which are particularly abundant in the northern Mississippi River Basin and Great Lakes, live in the water as nymphs before transforming into flying adults. They synchronize their emergence to form huge swarms of up to 80 billion individuals—so massive that, in waterside towns, they are sometimes scooped up with snowplows.

Oligotrophic bacterium Hymenobacter latericoloratus CGMCC 16346 degrades the neonicotinoid imidacloprid in surface water

The intensive and extensive application of imidacloprid in agriculture has resulted in water pollution and risks to aquatic invertebrates. However, pure bacteria remediation of imidacloprid in surface water environments has not been studied. Here, we isolated an imidacloprid-degrading bacterium from a water environment, examined its imidacloprid degradation in pure culture and surface water, sequenced its genome, and compared its Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COG) protein categorization with that for another imidacloprid-degrading bacterium.

In 2018 was imidacloprid in de glastuinbouw nog steeds een probleemstof

Het Hoogheemraadschap (HH) Delfland heeft een meetnet om de waterkwaliteit van het glastuinbouwgebied te monitoren: er zijn 23 meetlocaties in het meetnet voor de glastuinbouw, namelijk op 3 referentielocaties buiten het glastuin-bouwgebied, 5 boezemlocaties en 15 locaties in glastuinbouwgebied. Op deze locaties zijn elke maand bestrijdingsmiddelen gemeten.

Das Insektensterben ist global

Das Verhältnis von Insekten und Landwirtschaft ist ein durchaus ambivalentes. Auf der einen Seite sind sie als Schädlinge für Ernteausfälle verantwortlich. Vor allem in den tropischen Ländern können sie bis zu 40 Prozent der Ernten vernichten. Sie werden deswegen von der Agrarwirtschaft intensiv bekämpft: Weltweit hat sich der Verbrauch von Pestiziden seit 1950 um das 50fache erhöht. Auf der anderen Seite ist Landwirtschaft ohne Insekten kaum denkbar. Sie sind unerlässlich für die Bodenqualität, indem sie Dung und abgestorbenes Material zersetzen.

WUR als spreekbuis van Bayer en Syngenta

In de jaren negentig kregen universiteiten het credo van de marktwerking opgelegd. De overheid bepaalde dat wetenschappelijk onderzoek niet langer alleen uit publieke middelen moest worden gefinancierd, maar voortaan ook deels met extern geld. Dat betekende dat universiteiten de boer op moesten. Voor Wageningse onderzoekers betekende dat het begin van een innige samenwerking met chemiegiganten.

The American kestrel is in free fall

Throughout the 1900s, North America’s littlest falcon was also described as the continent’s most common and widespread. Small but fierce and marked with bright plumage rare in the raptor world, the American kestrel (Falco sparverius) could be seen throughout the continent, diving and swooping in fallow fields or under the stadium lights at baseball games, hunting for plump moths or small mice. In the Montreal area, they lived in the suburbs, in places like Vaudreuil-Dorion and Île-Perrot, drawn by unused fields and abundant food.

Bees - among most vital creatures on Earth - join endangered species list

Recent studies have shown a dramatic decline in the bee population – with a nearly 90% decrease in recent years – placing the insect on the endangered species list.

The use of uncontrolled pesticides, the continuation of deforestation and lack of cipher flowers (bee food) are the main reasons for the recent population nosedive.

ZDF berichtet über Bayer, Bauern und die Bienen

In der Landwirtschaft sind Insektengifte weit verbreitet. Manche Substanzen wie die Neonicotinoide töten allerdings nicht nur Schädlinge, sondern schädigen auch Bienen. Das ZDF hat bei Recherchen nach eigenen Angaben ermittelt, dass manche Giftstoffe längst hätten verboten werden müssen. Am Mittwoch, 30. Oktober 2019, berichtete „ZDFzoom“ ab 22.45 Uhr über „BAYER, Bauern und die Bienen - Ein Konzern unter Druck“.

Neonicotinoids are wiping out hundreds of beehives in parts of NZ's North Island

Neil Mossop knows bees. His family's been in the honey business in Tauranga for more than 70 years. But that experience couldn't have prepared him for the shock of finding nearly 200 of his hives decimated - six million bees wiped out. "There was just a mat of dead bees," he says. Initially, Mossop thought his bees had been deliberately poisoned. But once that was ruled out, he had an inkling as to what was killing them.