Other insects

EU in 'state of denial' over destructive impact of farming on wildlife

Europe’s crisis of collapsing bird and insect numbers will worsen further over the next decade because the EU is in a “state of denial” over destructive farming practices, environmental groups are warning. European agriculture ministers are pushing for a new common agriculture policy (CAP) from 2021 to 2028 which maintains generous subsidies for big farmers and ineffectual or even “fake” environmental or “greening” measures, they say.

Fluitende vogeltjes zijn binnenkort verleden tijd

De lente is begonnen, en dan hoor je buiten steeds meer vogeltjes fluiten en zingen. Maar dat is voor toekomstige generaties misschien iets wat ze nooit meer zullen horen. In West-Europese landbouwgebieden gaat het aantal typische vogels, zoals de leeuwerik en de vink, drastisch achteruit. Dat stellen wetenschappers van het Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) en het Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle in Frankrijk.

Die Fortsetzung des stummen Frühlings

Die Biologin Rachel Carson begann ihr berühmt gewordenes Buch einst mit einem Zukunftsmärchen. Sie schildert eine Stadt inmitten blühender Obstgärten. Entlang der Straßen entzücken Schneeballsträucher, hohe Farne und wilde Blumen das Auge. Die Vogelwelt ist artenreich, in den Bächen tummeln sich Fische. Doch dann rafft eine seltsame, schleichende Seuche Mensch und Tier dahin. Bäume und Blüten verkümmern. Die wenigen, noch übrig gebliebenen Vögel zittern und können nicht mehr singen. Es sei ein „stummer Frühling“, gewesen, schreibt sie in ihrem gleichnamigen, 1962 erschienenen Buch.

Bug diet of birds has dramatically declined in quality, researchers find

"You are what you eat" is the guiding principle behind a new study comparing the diet of birds today with that of birds dead for more than a century. The results show large changes in the diets of aerial insectivores, or birds such as swallows, swifts, martins and whip-poor-wills that consume insects while in mid-flight. Today, the bulk of the birds' diet is made up of small insects at the lower end of the food web, or at a lower "trophic" level, the researchers say.

Environmental impacts of neonicotinoids outweigh crop yield benefits

Neonicotinoid use has increased rapidly in recent years, with a global shift toward insecticide applications as seed coatings rather than aerial spraying. While the use of seed coatings can lessen the amount of overspray and drift, the near universal and prophylactic use of neonicotinoid seed coatings on major agricultural crops has led to widespread detections in the environment (pollen, soil, water, honey).

Insecticide Resistance Signals Negative Consequences of Widespread Neonicotinoid Use on Multiple Field Crops in the U.S. Cotton Belt

Over the past 15 years, neonicotinoid seed treatments have been adopted worldwide and are used on a large proportion of U.S. field crops. Although neonicotinoids are used widely, little is known about how large-scale deployment affects pest populations over long periods. Here, we report a positive relationship between the deployment of neonicotinoid seed-dressings on multiple crops and the emergence of insecticide resistance in tobacco thrips (Frankliniella fusca), a polyphagous insect herbivore that is an important pest of seedling cotton but not soybean or maize.

Protecting our butterflies is vital to the environment

The State of the Nations Butterfly report which is published every five years shows long term and ten year trends – and it’s waving a danger flag. The most recent report published in 2015 indicates that overall a staggering 76 percent of our butterflies declined in abundance and occurrence over the past 40 years.

Four species of butterfly have become extinct over the past 150 years and the rest face an uncertain future. Our moths are doing no better as the total number over the past 40 years has declined overall by 28 percent, even as low as 40 percent in southern areas.

Tropical aquatic ecosystems are much more sensitive to imidacloprid

The neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid is used in Bangladesh for a variety of crop protection purposes. Imidacloprid may contaminate aquatic ecosystems via spray drift, surface runoff and ground water leaching. The present study aimed at assessing the fate and effects of imidacloprid on structural (phytoplankton, zooplankton, macroinvertebrates and periphyton) and functional (organic matter decomposition) endpoints of freshwater, sub-tropical ecosystems in Bangladesh.

Neonicotinoïden mogelijk alleen nog onder glas

Landbouwminister Carola Schouten gaat ervan uit dat de Europese Commissie het gebruik van neonicotinoïden gaat beperken tot alleen de toepassingen onder glas. De bewindsvrouw schrijft dit deze week in een brief aan de Tweede Kamer. De verwachting is dat de Europese Commissie binnenkort met een definitief voorstel komt om het gebruik van neonicotinoïden verder aan banden te leggen. Eind maart brengen de EU-lidstaten mogelijk het voorstel van de EC in stemming.

EFSA bestätigt das Risiko von Pestiziden für Insekten

Nach dem Glyphosat-Streit müssen sich Union und SPD wieder über Regeln für den Einsatz von Chemie auf dem Feld einigen. Am Mittwoch hat die Europäische Behörde für Lebensmittelsicherheit, Efsa, die Gefahr von drei Insektenvernichtungsmitteln für Bienen bestätigt. Voraussichtlich werden die Mitgliedstaaten der EU nun am 22. März über ein Verbot der Stoffe im Freiland abstimmen.