Insecticiden

Half of Michigan's Bumblebee Species in Decline, One Extinct

In Michigan, half of its bumblebee species have declined by 50 percent or more, Michigan Radio reported. "Of those twelve species, about half of them have declined and the other half are stable," Thomas Wood, a post-doctoral research associate at Michigan State University, told the radio station. Of the six species that have declined, their numbers dropped by more than 50 percent, Wood added. One species, the rusty patched bumblebee (Bombus affinis), has even gone extinct in Michigan. In 2017, the U.S.

Auch Spatzenfedern sind mit Neonicotinoiden belastet

Forscher der Schweizer Universität Neuenburg haben die Federn von Spatzen (Passer domesticus) in der Nähe von Ackerflächen auf Pestizide hin untersucht und sind auf Neonicotinoide gestoßen. Forscher um Fabrice Helfenstein und Segolene Humann-Guilleminot untersuchten nun, ob Vögel, die sich von Samen oder Insekten ernähren, einer Kontamination mit Neonicotinoiden ausgesetzt sind. Von den Ergebnissen berichten die Wissenschafter im Fachblatt "Science of the Total Environment".

Pesticides discovered in 83% of examined European soils

Today, 2,000 pesticides with 500 chemical substances are being used in Europe. However, data on how such substances affect soil quality is incomplete and fragmented, and fails to clearly reflect their overall impact on soil systems and human health. First-time research conducted in the course of two EU-funded projects, iSQAPER and RECARE, is shedding light on the state of European soils. The results are far from reassuring.

Syngenta and Bayer Agree to Ban of 12 Bee-Harming Pesticides

Twelve pesticides made with chemicals shown to harm bees and other pollinators are slated to be banned as part of a proposed settlement with the manufacturers, the EPA announced Dec. 12. The pesticides, marketed by Syngenta AG., Bayer AG, and Valent USA Corp., contain either thiamethoxam or clothianidin, two chemicals in the neonicotinoid class that are linked to declining bee populations.

Wageningse experts over de oorzaken van bijensterfte vanaf 2009

Akkerwijzer in 2009: Sinds 2000 sterven bijen massaal. Bijonderzoeker Tjeerd Blacquière van Universiteit Wageningen, maakt zich zorgen over deze situatie. Imkers kennen het fenomeen dat bijenvolken sterven. Gemiddeld sterft 10 procent in de winter. De afgelopen jaren lag dat percentage hoger en fluctueert dit. Blacquière wijt de sterfte aan de varraomijt. Romeé van der Zee, bijendeskundige uit Tersoal, denkt dat Nosema ceranea, een soort schimmel, de boosdoener is. Een andere oorzaak van de afname van de bijenvolken is de vergrijzing van de imkers.

Truths about pesticides

Chemical agriculture is destroying the ecosystems that sustain all life. Pesticides are a key culprit in the decline of bees, butterflies and other pollinators — leading some scientists to warn of a “second silent spring.” , Pesticides wreak havoc on the soil by killing the organisms that are the basis of soil life. And they pollute rivers, lakes and oceans, leading to fish die-offs.

Das Glühwürmchen wird seltener

Zwei Sorten Leuchtkäfer sind in der Schweiz verbreitet: Beim Grossen Leuchtkäfer (Lampyris noctiluca) leuchten nur die flügellosen Weibchen, beim Kleinen Leuchtkäfer (Lamprohiza splendidula) glitzern auch die fliegenden Männchen. Das bezaubernde Leuchten ist allerdings nicht mehr sehr häufig zu beobachten: Auch die Leuchtkäfer sind vom allgemeinen Insektensterben betroffen. Um darauf hinzuweisen, hat Pro Natura sie zum Tier des Jahres 2019 ernannt.

Exposure to imidacloprid during early development induces long-lasting changes in behavior and brain function in mice

We assessed the effects of the neonicotinoid imidacloprid (IMI) in adult male and female mice after in utero and early postnatal exposure. Pregnant mice were infused with IMI (0.5 mg/kg/day) from gestational day 4 to the end of nursing at postnatal day 21. The young adult offspring were studied in a series of biochemical and behavioral tests. To assess reproducibility, the behavioral analyses were conducted in three separate studies using multiple exposed litters. Exposure to IMI reduced fecundity, and in adult offspring, decreased body weight in male but not female pups.

We’re Edging Toward Biological Annihilation

When American entomologist Bradford Lister first visited El Yunque National Forest in Puerto Rico in 1976, little did he know that a long-term study he was about to embark on would, 40 years later, reveal a “hyperalarming” new reality. In those decades, populations of arthropods, including insects and creepy crawlies like spiders and centipedes, had plunged by an almost unimaginable 98% in El Yunque, the only tropical rainforest within the US National Forest System.